Chapters 24 & 25 Web QuestionsPosted: June 12, 2012
Below please find some insightful questions on Chapters 24 & 25 written by your classmate, Daniel Chitrik.
1) The Spanish crown established two main centers of authority in the Americas, and had a viceroy exercise control from each of these centers. Although these viceroys held considerable power, they had to answer questions to the king, and were subjected to the review of courts known as audiencias. Thus, the king of Spain ensured that the viceroys would not become too independent. Another law the Spanish government implemented was that a fifth of all silver mined was taxed to the crown. Why do you think these viceroys and colonizing Spaniards not revolt against their king earlier than they did?
2) History relates that Hernan Cortes made his way from Veracruz to the island city of Tenochtitlan, the beautiful Aztec capital. At first Cortes was friendly with the Aztec king Montezuma, however, eventually Cortez waged war against him. Why did Montezuma ever allow Cortes to enter his capital? Didn’t he see Cortes with his army? Do you think he must have heard reports about the Europeans trying to conquer the New World? Or did Montezuma not understand European intentions?
3) Before 1600, the Atlantic slave trade operated on a modest scale. During the seventeenth century, slave exports rose dramatically, and by the eighteenth century, over fifty thousand slaves were transported from the African slave markets per year. From beginning to end, the Atlantic slave trade brought over about twelve million slaves to the western hemisphere. Did the Atlantic slave trade start capitalism in Europe? Would the American Revolution ever happen without slaves? What would the Americas in the seventeenth century look like without slaves working in the mines and sugar plantations?
4) The founding fathers fought the revolution on the grounds that “all men created equal,” and they later wrote out the constitution insuring the freedom that free men deserve. Was slavery not hypocrisy to their beliefs? Is the belief that “all men created equal” not antithetical to having slaves?