Chapter 32 Web QuestionsPosted: June 29, 2012
1) Presently, imperial societies and empires are thought not be as present as they were during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. One country that might be considered an empire, as Professor O’Malley expressed, is the United States. What other countries do you consider to have imperialistic motives? What are the characteristics that these countries have that make them imperialistic?
2) Imperialism seems always bring along with it a negative connotation. Imperialism often creates wars which lead to many deaths, while imperial powers tend to exploit the land, people, and resources while colonizing. Imperialism seems to end up doing a lot of harm. Can you think of any benefits that imperialism creates for either or both the colonizing or colonized country? What are some countries that have experienced these benefits?
3) Darwinism is a biological theory that explains evolution through the idea of “the survival of the fittest,” which, to put it simply, is to say species with superior traits outlast those with inferior traits. How did people use such this theory to justify European imperialism? Does such thinking still persist today?
4) Jules Ferry Reading: Jules Ferry felt in order for France to be a high-ranking global power, it must colonize certain places. He offered a few reasons why France should engage in colonial expansion. What are his justifications given for colonial expansion? Do you condone them? Why or why not?